Hints & Tips


Handbrake/ Neutral



Always used before braking/ speed change/ to update/ Checked every 2-3 seconds



Push/ pull technique/Never cross hands

Look well ahead


Forward Plan

Look into a new road

Anticipate hazards



Always in this order

Once mirrors checked and signal applied, then you have time to concentrate on the manoeuvre



Only if necessary/ always if lane change



Always clutch down to prevent stalling/ No coasting



Match the speed with the gear

1st gear =10mph

2nd= 20mph, 3rd= 30mph,

4th =40mph, 5th =50mph

Block change where possible


Turning Right & Left

Position/ reference point

Do not cut the corner

Check right door mirror before making right turn

Mirror check in new road



Look twice both ways

Crossroads- 3 way observation

Right =Position left of centre line

Left= Drive into the curve of the junction



Careful with lane discipline as this will be a serious driving fault.

If changing lane mirror check and signal

Always mirror checks and signal to pull off roundabout


Traffic lights

Mirror check on approach

Anticipate a change to red

If turning right and no green right arrow, give way to traffic ahead.

Continue with a green filter arrow

Passing parked vehicles

No signal your position is the signal

Mirror check out into road and mirror check to pull back in

Adequate clearance door width or down centre if cars on both sides

Ensure clearance well come back in



Only if necessary & safe. Keep well back from vehicle in front so clear view of road ahead

Signal and mirror check to move out and back in

Move back in when you can see the front of the overtaken vehicle in the

left corner of centre mirror


Meeting Traffic

Pull into a safe passing place or go into hold back position left of centre line

Mirror check to pull out into road and Mirror check to pull back in


Independent Driving

If you go the wrong direction continue with correct signal and correct lane

Only becomes a serious if do something wrong e.g. crossing lanes


Sat Nav Driving


Follow the sat nav for up to 20 minutes


Pedestrian Crossings

Mirror check on approach to assess the distance of the vehicle behind

Scan the crossing for pedestrians

Anticipate a change to red if pedestrians waiting

Following Distance

Remember the 2 second rule and say it to yourself

Safe distance from the vehicle in front

If you can’t see a lorry’s mirrors then the lorry driver can’t see you

If vehicle behind is very close to you then increase the gap


Manoeuvres & Emergency Stop


If you have a signal on from stopping, remember to cancel this.

Keep it very very very slow. (old man’s walking pace)

6 Point observation at each stage.

Also look around many times for other vehicles/ pedestrians.

Wait, apply handbrake and make eye contact with others

Use your reference points.

If reversing look out of back window (Remember you wouldn’t drive forward looking out of the back window)


Parallel Park

Line car up. Reverse gear immediately to inform.

6 point observation and at point of turn before the car swings out/ half a

turn of wheel when lined up with vehicle.

Slow reverse / constant observations. Find reference.

Full lock then reverse until car parallel with car in front.

Turn wheel back one and half turns to straighten car.

Back 2 car lengths. Your vehicle is one car

Handbrake/ Neutral.

Ensure you do 6 point observation before moving off.


Reverse Bay Park

Line car up with reference point.

6 point observation/ Full lock quickly once the car starts to move.

Wait for car to come into the bay. You will see the bay line in door mirror.

One and half turns to straighten up.

Use Reference point to ensure you don’t hit the kerb behind.

Ensure you do 6 point observation before moving off.


Forward Bay Park

Line car up with reference point.

Full lock/ Steer into the bay.

You will see the bay line in door mirror.

Ensure you do 6 point observation before moving off.


Pull up on the right side of the road and reverse back no more than 2 car lengths

Apply a right signal and move across the the right side of the road.

Stop reasonably close to the kerb

6 point observation.

Reverse back no more than  2 car lengths .

When moving off, reverse 6 point observations and apply a left signal.

Rejoin traffic and continue with normal driving position.


Emergency Stop

No mirror check.

Firm hold of steering wheel/ Look straight ahead.

Quick reaction from accelerator to brake pedal.

Clutch down at the end to prevent stalling.

Ensure you do 6 point observation before moving off.